Incredible Edibles - Saffron

What is it?

Photo crop (ripped edge B)

Crocus sativus


The world's most expensive spice might be worth literally its weight in gold, yet it's unbelievably as easy to grow as the regular 'park lawn' crocus in your window box.

Despite conjuring up exotic images of Iran & North Africa, Saffron will surprisingly thrive equally well in places as unexotic as Saffron Hill, East London, where the plant was grown for over 500 years for its fragrant stigmas. In fact us Brits only stopped growing the spice when cheap imports made the cost of handpicking the delicate mauve flowers to dear.

Unusually for a crocus, the fragrant, almost orchid-like blossom are produced in the dark days of October, adding colour and interest when little else dares raise its head in the garden. At the centre of each of these little purple cups lies three flourescent red threads, which can be picked off and used in exactly the same way as what you would normally pay a fortune for in the supermarket. In fact British grown saffron, has a far mellower, richer flavour than that grown in sunnier climes. Finally there's a benefit to our miserable weather!

As if all that wasn't enough Saffron also contains a group of chemicals which give it demonstrable medicinal benefits. The crocins and safranols that provide its characteristic colour have antidepressent and mood-enhancing effects, which at the right dose are noticeable within just a few minutes of taking it, as anyone who has tried my Psychoactive Saffron Hot Chocolate will know. One recent study has even suggested that it can help improve erectile disfunction, giving you a whole other reason to have improved mood!

Watch the ViDeo

Watch this clip from "Grow Your Own Drugs at Christmas" for an indulgent anti-anxiety egg nogg recipe, that uses Saffron to help lift mood.

How to grow & use it

Simply in terms of cold, hard economics Saffron has to be the singularly most worthwhile crop that can be grown by UK gardeners. For by planting up a bed the size of the average dining table just once, you will get a constant supply of the world most expensive spice every year for at least the next 10 years, producing more than the average family can eat. Compare that with onions, which you need to labouriously sow and plant every year, are incredibly cheap to buy and widely available & you can see why I feel there simply is no contest.

The best time to start your own mini Saffron plantation is in late summer, planting the corms about 10cm apart in a hole 10cm deep, then watering them in really well. They love sunny, well drained sites that mimic their Mediterrenean home, so help them along by digging in a little grit into each hole before planting. You can even plant these amoungst grass, just like the traditional "park lawn" crocus, although if you do this you should be careful NOT to mow when the leaves are out, from September until April. For lazy gardeners like me however that does give you a fantastic excuse for a slightly wayward-looking lawn.

When buying your crocus corms there are two golden rules. Make sure you pick the largest corms you can, as these will flower far earlier. About 2.5cm across is the best size to go for. The most important rule of all however is to make sure the corms you buy are definately the edible saffron crocus, these will be clearly labelled "Crocus sativus". This is because there is a similar-looking autumn-flowering plant that is toxic, and confusingly goes by the name "Meadow Saffron". If in any doubt, buy the corms from a special "grow your own" range, (see supplier link on the left) where you will be guaranteed of no botanical mix ups.

More Info

© 2011 James Wong

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